Gas pain is common during the early and late stages of pregnancy. In this article, we discuss the causes of gas pain, how to relieve symptoms and other conditions that cause similar symptoms. Constipation is a very common symptom in both early and late pregnancy.
Gastrointestinal (GI) issues are some of the most common complaints during pregnancy. Some women may experience GI issues that develop after becoming pregnant. Gastrointestinal problems affect the gastrointestinal tract, primarily the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, but can also affect other organs of digestion, including the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. Some women may have chronic GI disorders prior to pregnancy that can worsen and require special consideration during pregnancy.
Diarrhea during pregnancy is not likely to cause any harm to the growing baby if treated on time. But, if diarrhea is severe, it can lead to dehydration during pregnancy and slow down the circulation of blood in the fetus. These conditions are not related to pregnancy in any way.
If you are experiencing diarrhea, it could also be due to a bacterial or viral infection. For most pregnant women, the experience of going into labor isn’t nearly as dramatic as portrayed in the movies or on screen, in which actresses suddenly clutch their bellies in pain and head to the hospital.
Chronic diarrhoea, which lasts four weeks or more, can be caused by a range of conditions that affect the intestines, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Food nutrients are absorbed in the small intestine. The waste is pushed into the large intestine (bowel) where water is removed. The resulting faeces is stored temporarily within the rectum then passed out of the body through the anus. Faeces are usually firm, moist and easy to pass.
Epidemics occur. It is more common in pregnancy than in the general population. Those with reduced immunity are more susceptible (eg, splenectomy, diabetes, steroid use, HIV) – but most cases occur in healthy women. Pregnant women may be more vulnerable to complications, so there should be a lower threshold for investigation, admission and treatment.
Having the runs a day or two before labor starts also is the body’s way of emptying the bowels to allow the uterus to contract efficiently. Throughout your pregnancy, a hormone called relaxin is released.
Many women follow the BRAT diet which can help relieve symptoms of diarrhoea. This includes eating bananas, rice, apple sauce and toast as these are gentle on the digestive tract. If your diarrhea doesnâ€™t clear up on its own you may need to consult your health-care provider. If diarrhea during your pregnancy is caused by bacteria or parasites, you may need antibiotics. If a virus is causing your diarrhea, antibiotics will not help.
The clinical evaluation consists of a thorough patient history and physical examination; diagnostic studies are rarely needed. Endoscopy may be indicated in patients with complications of GERD, and 24-hour ambulatory pH studies can be useful in those with atypical presentations (eg, cough, wheezing, sore throat) and refractory symptoms. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), generally known as heartburn, is common in pregnancy and can have a negative impact on their healt-realted quality of life, particularly late in pregnancy. Thiamine supplementation is recommended for women who have had vomiting for longer than 3 weeks.
Eating a healthful diet is particularly important during pregnancy. The right nutrients help the fetus to develop and grow as it should. Pregnant women should eat a variety of fruits to provide them with healthful nutrients that may also help to relieve their symptoms. Learn which fruits to eat during pregnancy here.
Discharge in pregnancy
Warning signs include pain that is localized, abrupt, constant, or severe, or pain that is associated with nausea and vomiting, vaginal bleeding, or fever. With any of these, further investigation into nonpregnancy-related causes is warranted. If any of the warning signs above is present, consultation with an obstetric specialist is recommended.
Certain food groups can make diarrhea worse. Steer clear of high-fat, fried foods, spicy foods, milk and dairy, and high-fiber foods. If youâ€™re leery of medications while youâ€™re pregnant, thereâ€™s some good news. You may not need to take any additional medications to treat your diarrhea.
Also, it is important to speak to a doctor before taking any medications for diarrhea. Drinking plenty of water and clear broths or soups can help prevent dehydration. For pregnant women with severe hydration, a doctor may suggest an oral rehydration solution. If diarrhea accompanies other symptoms, see a doctor for an evaluation.