This is normal, and many women have decreased or no symptoms after the pregnancy is over. Cow’s milk is hard for some people to digest and can contain a significant amount of fat. Like all high-fat foods, full-fat cow’s milk may relax the lower esophageal sphincter, which can cause or worsen reflux symptoms. Herbal teas help improve digestion and soothe many stomach problems, such as gas and nausea.
In addition, onions are a rich source of fermentable fiber, which may cause belching. Belching can aggravate acid reflux symptoms (25). In one study, people with heartburn ate a plain hamburger on one day, followed by an identical hamburger with onions on another day. Eating the burger with onions significantly worsened heartburn symptoms, compared to eating the burger with no onions ( 24 ). The capsaicin in spicy foods may cause heartburn by slowing the rate of digestion.
Foods that help improve acid reflux for one person may be problematic for someone else. Many people with GERD find that certain foods trigger their symptoms. No single diet can prevent all symptoms of GERD, and food triggers are different for everyone. GERD symptoms are affected by what you eat.
Antacid pills and liquids have been around the longest. More recently, proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs), such as omeprazole (Prilosec) or lansoprazole (Prevacid), and H2 blockers, such as cimetidine (Tagamet) or ranitidine (Zantac), have become available, many over the counter.
Children younger than age 12 will often have different GERD symptoms. They will have a dry cough, asthma symptoms, or trouble swallowing.
Because peppermint relaxes the LOS, and allows stomach acid to flow back up into the oesophagus. Fat slows down the emptying of the stomach, so there is more opportunity for a full, distended stomach, which increases pressure on the LOS. This may boost your risk of reflux symptoms. Common high fat offenders include deep fried foods like fish and chips, as well as fatty cuts of meat, in particular pork and lamb.
Medicines and other treatments
But regular use of aspirin or a popular class of painkillers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may irritate the esophagus. NSAIDs include ibuprofen, naproxen, and prescription Cox-2 inhibitors such as Celebrex. These drugs are often used to treat arthritis.
Information from the emptying study can be useful for managing patients with GERD. For example, if a patient with GERD continues to have symptoms despite treatment with the usual medications, doctors might prescribe other medications that speed-up emptying of the stomach. Alternatively, in conjunction with GERD surgery, they might do a surgical procedure that promotes a more rapid emptying of the stomach.
- GERD is diagnosed when you have constant, frequent, chronic heartburn.
- It is a symptom of a digestive system problem.
- In patients with GERD, however, the refluxed liquid contains acid more often, and the acid remains in the esophagus longer.
- This is called reflux or gastroesophageal reflux.
- Coming up with the appropriate diet and lifestyle changes involves discovering what works best for you.
- Moreover, the amounts and/or numbers of drugs that are required for satisfactory treatment are sometimes so great that drug treatment is unreasonable.
Over-the-counter remedies may provide short-term symptom relief, but can mask an underlying disease if used long-term. A growing body of research shows that your weight can have a significant impact on acid reflux and related symptoms. 4. Don’t lie down after eating.
Instead, researchers believe that spearmint may cause heartburn by irritating the lining of the esophagus ( 9 ). Working with your doctor can help you develop a diet to control or lessen your symptoms.
You could also use a wedge-shaped support. Don’t use extra pillows, as they only raise your head and will not help with GERD.
People can also buy H2-receptor blockers, such as Zantac, which may decrease the production of stomach acid for up to 12 hours. OTC proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) have a similar effect.
People can purchase over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat GERD. These include antacids, such as Gaviscon, which neutralize stomach acid. Without treatment, GERD can lead to severe health problems, such as Barrett’s esophagus. In this condition, the cells lining the food pipe become abnormal and have the potential in some people to develop into cancer.
The goal is to create a diet based on a healthy variety of foods that include fruits and vegetables, lean sources of protein, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats. Coming up with the appropriate diet and lifestyle changes involves discovering what works best for you. Not all triggers and treatments will affect all people in the same way.
One reason this happens is that the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is weakened or damaged. Normally the LES closes to prevent food in the stomach from moving up into the esophagus.