If you experience this kind of craving, report it to your doctor right away. OTC Zantac is used to prevent and treat heartburn symptoms from acid indigestion and a sour stomach. Prescription-strength Zantac is used to treat more serious gastrointestinal diseases.
Heartburn, also called acid indigestion, is an irritation or burning sensation of the esophagus caused by stomach contents that reflux (comes back up) from the stomach. GERD is a condition in which stomach acids travel back into the esophagus abnormally, causing pain and discomfort, most commonly heartburn. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the abnormal backflow of stomach acid up into the esophagus, the long, muscular tube that connects the back of the mouth to the stomach. The muscle at the border of the esophagus and stomach, called a sphincter, works as a barrier that is normally closed to prevent the contents of the stomach from washing up into the esophagus. It should open only when you swallow.
Heartburn and related issues like gas and bloating during pregnancy usually start in the second or third trimester, but it can be sooner for some women. The discomfort will probably come and go until your baby is born, but in most cases heartburn is no longer a problem after delivery. Assist women to identify food and drinks that may cause reflux and to find culturally appropriate alternatives. Consider costs if prescribing medication to treat reflux.
That, combined with the pressure of a growing baby, increases the possibility that stomach acid will make its way upward. When you have heartburn, or acid reflux, the LES relaxes enough to allow stomach acid to rise up into the esophagus.
Heartburn can also be caused directly by your growing baby. As the uterus takes over, it doesnâ€™t leave much room for the stomach, and all that pressure can push the stomach up, causing stomach acid to leak into the esophagus. Try eating five or six smaller meals rather than three large ones, which are hours apart, to prevent your stomach from becoming too full and pushing up under your diaphragm.
Heartburn is so common in pregnancy that it’s most likely to be the reason for your discomfort. But it’s worth knowing about another more serious, but much rarer, cause of pain.
Ask your doctor for the best option. If you find yourself downing bottles of antacids, your heartburn may have progressed to gastroesophageal acid reflux disease (GERD). In that case, you may need a stronger treatment.
If these prevention techniques don’t work and you want to try an antacid or an anti-gas medication, speak with your doctor or midwife. Your health care provider can prescribe the medication that is best for you or help you make a safe choice of over-the-counter remedies.
Check with your provider before taking one because some brands are high in sodium or contain aluminum or aspirin. You can also talk to your provider about prescription heartburn medications that are safe during pregnancy. Avoid food and drinks that upset your stomach. These include carbonated drinks, alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, citrus fruits and juices, tomatoes, mustard, vinegar, mint products, processed meats, and foods that are fatty, spicy, fried, or highly seasoned. found that the use of acupuncture in pregnancy may reduce reflux symptoms.
Medicines for indigestion and heartburn
Itâ€™s called heartburn, although that burning feeling in your chest has nothing to do with the heart. Uncomfortable and frustrating, it bothers many women, particularly during pregnancy.
DyspepsiaIndigestion (dyspepsia) can be caused by diseases or conditions that involve the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and also by some diseases and conditions that do not involve the GI tract. Indigestion can be a chronic condition in which the symptoms fluctuate infrequency and intensity.
So, eating large meals or overeating in general can also increase the risk for heartburn. Eating right before bedtime can cause problems, too. Smoking makes heartburn worse and is another reason to quit, especially while pregnant.
If you smoke, try to stop (NICE 2017) . Smoking relaxes the valve between your stomach and food pipe, making acid reflux more likely to happen (Harding 2017, NHS 2017) . Smoking is also harmful to your baby (NHS 2017) . If antacids, alginic acid/antacid, and sucralfate are not effective in controlling heartburn, probably the safest absorbed drugs that can be given are the H2 antagonists, such as cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), and famotidine (Pepcid).