Indigestion

The main diagnostic tests include an endoscopic examination of the esophagus and stomach to check for inflammation or ulceration; a test to check for acid in the esophagus (this would be negative if bile reflux is the only problem), and a test to determine if gas or liquids reflux into the esophagus. are not as simple and well known as they are for acid reflux.

The procedure can be done with laparotomy, thoracotomy, or laparoscopy. Endoscopy is a procedure performed under sedation by a gastroenterologist to look at the lining of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. A hiatal hernia may be diagnosed easily in this manner and more importantly, the physician may be able to see complications of GERD from the reflux of acid. Endoscopy is used to diagnose scarring with strictures (narrowing of the esophagus) and precancerous conditions like Barrett’s esophagus.

Heartburn occurs when the burning sensation comes up from the stomach and into the chest. Anyone who regularly experiences stomach burning and similar symptoms should see a doctor. It is important to understand the underlying cause and to receive effective treatment. A burning sensation in the stomach is usually just one symptom of an underlying condition, such as an intolerance to certain foods.

These medicines can decrease the amount of acid the stomach makes. This will ease the heartburn caused by reflux. Gastroesophageal refers to the stomach and esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that connects the throat to the stomach.

Only when there are associated symptoms of GERD will the patient usually seek medical care. With symptoms of GERD, it is likely that a hiatal hernia is present since most patients with GERD have hiatal hernias. the general population. With a sliding hernia, a portion of the stomach slides upward through the diaphragm and into the chest such that the junction of the esophagus and stomach (gastro- esophageal junction) lies in the chest.

In many cases, lifestyle changes combined with over-the-counter medications are all you need to control the symptoms of acid reflux disease. A balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables can also increase your stomach acid levels. Processed foods and sugars can cause inflammation in your stomach, decrease acid activity, and trigger acid reflux symptoms. People often have indigestion along with heartburn (a burning feeling deep in the chest), which happens when stomach acids rise into the esophagus. If acid reflux is also a problem, treatment with a proton-pump inhibitor should help, as should nonmedical remedies including weight loss; limiting high-fat foods and alcohol; avoiding carbonated and acidic beverages, spicy foods, onions, vinegar, chocolate and mint; eating small meals; practicing stress-reducing techniques like meditation or exercise; not eating within two to three hours of bedtime; and sleeping with the upper body and head elevated.

The prognosis for indigestion is generally good if indigestion is caused by lifestyle factors. The outlook for indigestion caused by a disease or medical condition varies depending on the resolution of that condition. Fat is a necessary macronutrient the body uses to insulate nerves, make hormones, and build cell structure.

The surgeon described it as a grade one (the lowest of 4 grades, I believe). Nevertheless, he has instructed me to double up on the PPI at least until he schedules a repeat endoscopy in 6 months (and I strongly suspect he will then recommend my staying on that regimen for life.) He claims that many my age (77) are on this dosage of a proton pump inhibitor for the long term without ill effect, and he says my complete lack of symptoms is due to the fact that my reflux does not reach high enough for me to be aware of it.

If you struggle with irregularity, cut back on dairy products like ice cream and cheese, fast food, meat, and foods that are processed, prepared, fried, or high in fat. A diet low in fiber can trigger constipation.

Other than increasing stomach acid levels, raw apple cider vinegar has been associated with reducing symptoms from acid reflux, diabetes, and high blood sugar. Treating low stomach acid depends on the underlying cause.

Infants with gastroesophogeal reflux reflect the immaturity their nervous system. In most infants the junction between the esophagus and stomach is “closed,” opening only to allow passage of formula or breast milk into the stomach or to allow the escape of swallowed air via burping.

But for some people bile does indeed rise, perhaps not as far as the throat but far enough to cause digestive distress and serious damage to the lining of the stomach and esophagus. Many babies with reflux will outgrow it by the time they are age 1.

Although there appears to be a link between hiatal hernia and GERD, one condition does not seem to cause the other. Many people have a hiatal hernia without having GERD, and others have GERD without having a hiatal hernia.

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