“If you take it in the evening, don’t take it at bedtime, but at least a half hour before dinner,” says Fass. Raise the head of the bed 4 to 6 inches. This can help reduce acid reflux by decreasing the amount of gastric contents that reach the lower esophagus. Avoid eating late at night or before retiring to bed. Common heartburn triggers include greasy or spicy food, chocolate, peppermint, tomato sauces, caffeine, carbonated drinks, and citrus fruits.
A valve at the bottom of that pipe seals off the top of the stomach when you’re not eating, but when valve is overly relaxed, partially digested food and stomach acid sometimes make their way back up into the esophagus, irritating its sensitive lining. Assist women to identify food and drinks that may cause reflux and to find culturally appropriate alternatives. Consider costs if prescribing medication to treat reflux. Discuss any remedies the woman may be using to treat reflux.
Whether you are pregnant or not, GERD can occur when there is an increase or decrease in pressure on different parts of your esophagus and abdomen. The source of the pressure, however, is different in pregnancy than in non-pregnancy. Gastroesophageal reflux is a back flow of stomach contents into the esophagus. This phenomenon occurs in virtually everyone from time to time. The sphincter muscle that divides the esophagus from the stomach must open periodically to allow food and saliva entry into the stomach, and is not always able to close again quickly.
Although the exact reasons aren’t clear, most experts believe that pregnancy hormones, particularly progesterone, play a role. Hormones cause relaxation of the esophageal sphincter. This is a tight circular band of muscle at the top of the stomach.
Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid flows back up from the stomach into the oesophagus (gullet) and irritates the lining (mucosa). PPIs are used in non-pregnant women with great success.
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- Signs and symptoms that accompany indigestion include pain in the chest, upper abdominal pain, belching, nausea, bloating, abdominal distention, feeling full after eating only a small portion of food, and rarely, vomiting.
- If lifestyle changes are not adequate, treatments with medications that are minimally absorbed into the body (and therefore not a potential threat to the fetus) could be started.
- Attention to diet and lifestyle may help to ease symptoms.
Implausible as it sounds, it seems that the hormones responsible for heartburn are the same ones that cause fetal hair to sprout. Unfortunately, heartburn is a symptom you’re likely to experience throughout your entire pregnancy if you have it at all. In fact, even if you escaped indigestion early on in your pregnancy, there’s a good chance you’ll have a surge starting around the second or third trimesters, when your uterus takes over your abdominal cavity and forces your stomach upwards. Fortunately, the burn should clear up as soon as you give birth.
Antacids containing aluminium or magnesium can be taken on an ‘as required’ basis. Those containing calcium should only be used occasionally or for a short period. Antacids that contain sodium bicarbonate or magnesium trisilicate should be avoided as they may be harmful to your developing baby. The following are commonly advised.
Don’t Eat ThisDo you know which common foods may be risky during pregnancy? Learn which foods to avoid, while pregnant, such as queso dip, lunch meat, coffee and more. Pregnancy Symptoms Am I PregnantPregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, and not all women experience the same symptoms.